### Source Description:

Dimensions for the IAI-125A source ^{ }are taken from the study by Solberg *et al *^{2}. (**Note:** CLRPv1 database took the source dimensions from the study by Meigooni et al ^{1}). The IsoAid Advantage seed contains a 3 mm long silver rod with a diameter of 0.50 mm. The silver rod is coated with a 1 μm thick layer of AgI containing ^{ 125}I (coating assumed to be the same thickness on the cylindrical and end face surfaces). The source is encapsulated in a titanium casing 0.05 mm thick with an outside diameter of 0.80 mm. The end welds have a maximum thickness of 0.275 mm (**Note:** 0.10 mm in CLRPv1 database) and are modelled using a 0.40 mm radius Ti hemisphere overlapped with a 0.350 mm radius air sphere with its center shifted by 0.20 mm (**Note:** 0.05 mm in CLRPv1 database) relative to the Ti sphere. The overall source length is 4.50 mm and the active length is 3.0 mm. The cylindrical source element is free to move approximately 0.948 mm (**Note:** 0.350 mm in CLRPv1 database) along the seed axis and 0.10 mm radially from the center of the seed, however, we assume the marker is always centred. The gas in the unoccupied space inside the source is assumed to be air. The mean photon energy calculated on the surface of the source is 27.27 keV with statistical uncertainties < 0.009%.

### Dose-Rate Constant - Λ :

Dose-rate constants, Λ , are calculated by dividing the dose to water per history in a (0.1 mm)^{3 }voxel centered on the reference position, (1 cm,Π/2), in the 30x30x30 cm^{3 }water phantom, by the air-kerma strength per history (scored *in vacuo*). As described in ref. 3 , dose-rate constants are provided for air-kerma strength calculated using voxels of 2.66x2.66x0.05 cm^{3 }(WAFAC) and 0.1x0.1x0.05 cm^{3 }(point) located 10 cm from the source. The larger voxel size averages the air-kerma per history over a region covering roughly the same solid angle subtended by the primary collimator of the WAFAC^{ 4, 5 }at NIST used for calibrating low-energy brachytherapy sources and is likely the most clinically relevant value. The small voxel serves to estimate the air kerma per history at a point on the transverse axis and includes a small 1/r^{2} correction (0.5%) ^{3}^{.}^{ }MC uncertainties are only statistical uncertainties (k=1).

Author |
Method |
Λ (cGy h-1 U-1) |
Abs. Uncertainty |

Safigholi et al ^{6} |
WAFAC | 0.9248 | 0.0002 |

Safigholi et al ^{6} |
point | 0.9604 | 0.0015 |

Taylor, Rogers ^{ 7} |
WAFAC | 0.925 | 0.002 |

Taylor, Rogers ^{ 7} |
point | 0.959 | 0.002 |

Meigooni et al ^{ 1 } |
point (PTRAN) | 0.98 | 0.03 |

Meigooni et al ^{ 1 } |
TLD | 0.99 | 0.08 |

Solberg et al ^{ 2 } |
point (MCNP) | 0.962 | 0.005 |

Solberg et al ^{ 2 } |
TLD | 0.96 | 0.05 |

Rodriguez, Rogers ^{8} |
Revised TLD (Solberg) | 0.945 | 0.056 |

Rodriguez, Rogers ^{8} |
WAFAC (BrachyDose) | 0.925 | 0.015 |

Rivard et al ^{9 } |
TG43U1S1 Consensus Value | 0.981 | --- |

### Radial dose function - g(r):

The radial dose function, g(r), is calculated using both line and point source geometry functions and tabulated at 36 different radial distances ranging from 0.05 cm to 10 cm. Fit parameters for a modified polynomial expression are also provided ^{ 10 } . The mean residual deviations from the actual data for the best fit were < 0.12%.

*Click image for higher res version*

Fitting coefficients for g _{L} (r) = (a_{0} r^{-2} + a_{1} r^{-1} + a_{2} + a_{3}r + a_{4}r^{2} + a_{5} r^{3}) e^{-a6r} |
|||

Fit range |
Coefficients |
||

r _{min} (cm) |
r _{max} (cm) |
||

0.05 | 10.0 | a_{0} / cm^{2} |
(5.68+/-0.22)E-04 |

a_{1} / cm |
(-1.20+/-0.04)E-02 | ||

a_{2} |
(1.1470+/-0.0018)E+00 | ||

a_{3} / cm^{-1} |
(4.465+/-0.034)E-01 | ||

a_{4} / cm^{-2} |
(-3.93+/-0.20)E-03 | ||

a_{5} / cm^{-3} |
(2.54+/-0.08)E-03 | ||

a_{6} / cm^{-1} |
(4.591+/-0.016)E-01 |

### Anisotropy function - F(r,θ):

Anisotropy functions are calculated using the line source approximation and tabulated at radii of 0.1, 0.15, 0.25, 0.5, 0.75, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7.5 and 10 cm and 32 unique polar angles with a minimum resolution of 5 ^{ o } . The anisotropy factor, φ _{ an } (r), was calculated by integrating the solid angle weighted dose rate over 0 ^{ o } ≤ ϑ ≤ 90 ^{ o } .

*Click images for higher res versions*

### Tabulated data:

Tabulated data are available in .xlsx format: Excel

### References:

1. A. S. Meigooni * et al * , Experimental and theoretical determination of dosimetric characteristics of IsoAid Advantage ^{ 125}I brachytherapy source, Med. Phys., ** 29 ** , 2152 - 2158, 2002

2. T. D. Solberg * et al * , Dosimetric parameters of three new solid core I-125 brachytherapy sources, J. Appl. Clin. Med. Phys, ** 3 ** , 119-134, 2002

3. R. E. P. Taylor * et al * , Benchmarking BrachyDose: voxel-based EGSnrc Monte Carlo calculations of TG-43 dosimetry parameters, Med. Phys., ** 34 ** , 445 - 457, 2007

4. R. Loevinger, Wide-angle free-air chamber for calibration of low-energy brachytherapy sources, Med. Phys., ** 20 ** , 907, 1993

5. S. M Seltzer * et al * , New National Air-Kerma-Strength Standards for ^{125}I and ^{103}Pd Brachytherapy Seeds, J. Res. Natl. Inst. Stand. Technol., ** 108 ** , 337 - 358, 2003

6. H. Safigholi, M. J. P. Chamberland, R. E. P. Taylor, C. H. Allen, M. P. Martinov, D. W. O. Rogers, and R. M. Thomson, Update of the CLRP TG-43 parameter database for the brachytherapy, to be published (Current calculation)

7. R. E. P. Taylor, D. W. O. Rogers, An EGSnrc Monte Carlo-calculated database of TG-43 parameters, Med. Phys., ** 35 ** , 4228-4241, 2008

8. M. Rodriguez , D. W. O. Rogers, Effect of improved TLD dosimetry on the determination of dose rate constants for ^{125}I and ^{103}Pd brachytherapyseeds, Med.Phys. **41**, 114301-15, 2014 9. M. J. Rivard *et al*, Supplement to the 2004 update of the AAPM Task Group No. 43 Report, Med. Phys., **34** , 2187 - 2205, 2007

10. R. E. P. Taylor, D. W. O. Rogers, More accurate fitting of ^{125}I and ^{103}Pd radial dose functions, Med. Phys., **35** , 4242-4250, 2008